Exploring Tourism in Rwanda
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Caving Tourism

Musanze (former Ruhengeri), Rwanda

Caving Tourism

Most of the caves in Rwanda are developed from Cenozoic volcanic rocks for instance Manjari which is 1.660m and Nyiragihima in Ruhengeri which 1.116m (Northern Province). In total, there 52 surveyed caves in the province with 15.2 km cave passages.  The longest cave of Rwanda is called “Ubuvumo Bwibihonga” a multi-level system of parallel lava tubes with 4.530m length.

The commonly visited cave is called Musanze cave which is 2km long; it lies in the volcanic region where lava flow layers dating from 65 million years ago to today have created the Albertine Rift Valley.  The cave has 31 entrances, most being roof collapses.

It is formed from lava basaltic layers from the Bisoke and Sabyinyo volcanoes. The cave entrance is vast, exceeding 10km and it is well proportionate with several side passages leading off from the main cave. Bat roots are a feature of the cave and the collapses create a truly incredible array of colored shafts of light.

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